Wood Putty and Wood Filler: Your Ultimate Guide to Wood Surface Repair

Wood Putty and Wood Filler

Wood putty and wood filler are essential tools for anyone working with wood. They offer solutions for repairing damage, whether it’s minor imperfections in a finished wood surface or more substantial gaps in unfinished wood. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the differences between these two versatile materials, their types, and how to use them effectively to achieve professional results.

What is Wood Putty?

Wood putty is a flexible, pliable material created from a blend of plastic and oil-based solvents. This product is ideal for addressing small cracks, holes, and dents in finished wood surfaces. While wood putty doesn’t harden like wood filler, it can be painted to match the surrounding wood, making it an excellent choice for cosmetic repairs.

What is Wood Filler?

In contrast, wood filler is a thicker, more viscous material composed of wood particles and a binding agent. Its primary application is to fill larger cracks, holes, and gaps in unfinished wood surfaces. Unlike wood putty, wood filler dries hard, and it can be sanded and stained to seamlessly blend with the surrounding wood.

Key Differences Between Wood Putty and Wood Filler

Let’s delve deeper into the distinctions between these two wood repair materials:

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CharacteristicWood PuttyWood Filler
CompositionPlastic and oil-based solventsWood particles and a binding agent
HardnessSoft and pliableHardens
Typical usesFilling small cracks, holes, and dents in finished wood surfacesFilling larger cracks, holes, and gaps in unfinished wood surfaces

When to Use Wood Putty

Wood putty is the preferred choice for several specific tasks:

  • Filling nail holes and screw holes: It’s perfect for addressing those unsightly holes left behind in finished wood surfaces.
  • Touching up small scratches and dents: Wood putty can restore the beauty of finished wood by masking minor imperfections.
  • Repairing minor damage: It’s your go-to solution for fixing damage to finished wood furniture, flooring, and cabinetry.

When to Use Wood Filler

Wood filler shines in different scenarios:

  • Filling larger cracks, holes, and gaps: When you have more substantial gaps to address in unfinished wood, wood filler is your best choice.
  • Leveling uneven wood surfaces: Wood filler can help you create a smooth and even wood surface, crucial for various woodworking projects.
  • Repairing structural damage: For structural issues with wood beams, joists, and framing, wood filler is up to the task.

Types of Wood Putty and Wood Filler

To cater to various needs, both wood putty and wood filler come in a range of types. Let’s explore the most common options:

Wood Putty Types

  1. Oil-based wood putty: This type is a popular choice due to its ease of application and quick drying time. However, it can be a bit challenging to sand and stain.
  2. Water-based wood putty: Easier to sand and stain than its oil-based counterpart, but it takes longer to dry. This type is excellent for more intricate projects.
  3. Color-matched wood putty: Available in various colors, this wood putty is perfect for repairing visible damage in finished wood surfaces. It seamlessly blends in with the wood, ensuring a flawless finish.
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Wood Filler Types

  1. Natural wood filler: Comprised of wood particles and a binder, this filler is designed for addressing larger gaps and holes in unfinished wood surfaces.
  2. Stainable wood filler: Made from stained wood particles and a binder, this wood filler can be sanded and stained to match the surrounding wood, ensuring a cohesive appearance.
  3. Two-part wood filler: The strongest among wood fillers, this two-component filler is ideal for structural repairs. You mix the components before application, providing a robust and durable solution.

How to Use Wood Putty

Using wood putty effectively involves following these steps:

  1. Prepare the surface: Ensure the wood surface is clean and free of debris to allow proper adhesion.
  2. Apply the wood putty: Use a putty knife to apply the wood putty to the damaged area. Overfill the hole or crack slightly to ensure it’s completely filled.
  3. Remove excess putty: Wipe away any excess wood putty with a damp cloth for a smoother finish.
  4. Allow to dry: Give the wood putty sufficient time to dry completely.
  5. Sand if desired: Sand the wood putty to achieve a smooth surface, preparing it for paint if needed.
  6. Paint or stain: Finish by painting or staining the wood putty to match the surrounding wood.

How to Use Wood Filler

When working with wood filler, follow these steps for a successful repair:

  1. Surface preparation: Just like with wood putty, start by cleaning and removing debris from the wood surface.
  2. Mixing: Prepare the wood filler according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
  3. Application: Use a putty knife to apply the wood filler to the damaged area. Slightly overfill the gap or hole for a thorough repair.
  4. Excess removal: Scrape away any surplus wood filler with the putty knife, ensuring a level and even finish.
  5. Drying time: Allow the wood filler to dry completely. The drying time varies based on the product and environmental conditions but typically takes up to 24 hours.
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Tips for Using Wood Putty and Wood Filler

To achieve the best results, consider the following tips:

  • Choose the appropriate type of wood putty or wood filler based on the project’s size, location, and the type of wood you’re working with.
  • Thoroughly prepare the surface by cleaning and eliminating debris, ensuring an optimal bond with the repair material.
  • Apply wood putty or wood filler evenly, and it’s better to slightly overfill than underfill the hole or gap.
  • Pay close attention to sanding and finishing, as these steps are crucial for achieving a seamless, professional finish.

Common Wood Repair Mistakes to Avoid

Avoid these common pitfalls when working with wood putty and wood filler:

  • Improper surface preparation: Neglecting to clean and remove debris from the wood surface can lead to poor adhesion and less effective repairs.
  • Underfilling: It’s better to slightly overfill than to underfill holes and gaps, as you can always sand away excess material once it dries.
  • Inadequate sanding and finishing: Properly sanding and finishing the wood putty or wood filler is essential for achieving a smooth and seamless finish.
  • Choosing the wrong product: Select the right type of wood putty or wood filler based on the project’s requirements to ensure the best results.
  • Ignoring manufacturer’s instructions: Always follow the instructions provided by the manufacturer to achieve the desired outcome and product performance.


Wood putty and wood filler are invaluable tools in the world of woodworking, offering solutions for minor to major damage in wood surfaces. By selecting the right product for the job and adhering to the proper application techniques, you can achieve results that rival those of professionals. Whether you are a seasoned woodworker or a DIY enthusiast, mastering the art of wood repair will prove invaluable in your woodworking journey.

Other Resources


What’s the best way to match wood putty or wood filler to the surrounding wood?

For the best match, opt for a color-matched wood putty or wood filler. These products are available in various colors to seamlessly blend with different wood types. If a color-matched product isn’t available, you can mix wood putty or wood filler with wood stain to achieve the desired color.

How long does wood putty or wood filler take to dry?

The drying time varies based on the specific product and environmental conditions. However, in most cases, both wood putty and wood filler will dry completely within 24 hours.

Can I use wood putty or wood filler to repair structural damage to wood?

While wood putty and wood filler can address minor structural issues, for more severe damage, it’s advisable to use a two-part wood filler or consult with a professional for a durable and lasting repair.


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